Some common diseases of pet cats are Feline Immunodeficiency Virus, Feline Infectious Peritonitis, Feline Gingivitis, Feline Chronic Renal Disease and Feline Heartworm Disease. Other common ailments and conditions that affect cats are upper respiratory infections, urinary tract infections and worms.
Feline Immunodeficiency Virus is a problem in cats all over the world. Experts first discovered FIV in 1986. Feline Infectious Peritonitis is a mysterious illness and experts still do not know much about it, other than that it is caused by the Feline Coronavirus. Feline gingivitis is a common dental disease affecting cats. It is the first stage of periodontis and is the result of plaque accumulating in the gums. If the cat owner does not have the cat's gums treated at this stage, the plaque turns into tartar and eventually results in gingivitis, which is detectable by bad breath, red and swollen gums, and eating problems.
Feline Chronic Renal Disease, another common cat disease, describes a variety of kidney ailments in older cats. According to the American Association of Feline Practitioners, 49 percent of all cats over the age of 15 suffer from the disease. Heartworm disease affects cats across the United States, but is preventable through heartworm treatment.