Male cheetahs may live alone or in small groups, usually with their litter mates; adult females tend to live with their cubs for up to two years. Otherwise, adult females live alone and are less social than males.
A mother cheetah spends the first year of her cubs' lives teaching them survival skills, such as how to hunt. When the cubs are 18 months old, the mother departs. The cubs band together for another six months. Two-year-old female cubs strike out on their own, while the males are likely to stay together for the rest of their lives. If a cub is the only male among his siblings, he often joins with other males in similar situations.