What Are the Characteristics of a Rabbit?

Rabbits are small mammals that can be found throughout North America and in parts of Europe, Asia and Africa. There are many different species of rabbits, some of which thrive in grasslands and others that live in deserts, woods or meadows. Rabbits have powerful back legs that allow them to quickly spring away from predators. They have long ears and soft fur that ranges in color from brown to gray.

The average rabbit lives for 9 to 12 years in the wild. Rabbits are herbivores, which means that they feed only on plants. Their diet typically consists of grass and leafy weeds, which they tend to consume early in the morning and at dusk. When food is scarce in the winter, they eat bark and twigs. During the day, rabbits tend to stay hidden in dense vegetation in order to stay safe from predators. If they feel threatened, they flee the area in a zigzag pattern, which makes them harder to follow.

Female rabbits build nests in the ground before giving birth to their young. Baby rabbits are tiny, hairless and unable to fend for themselves. However, they grow up quickly and typically reach sexual maturity by the age of three months. Rabbits breed up to four times per year, and a single litter typically contains three to eight babies.