Pigeons require a clean and large, enclosed aviary, an established eating schedule and fresh water daily. The aviary can be indoor or outdoor, and adoption centers like Palomacy provide size guidelines for people building who want to build their own.
An aviary acts as a protective shelter for a pigeon from outdoor predators, and can be equipped with shelves and perches to make it an adequate livings space for the bird, as well as should be lined with newspaper and straw to help keep the sanctuary clean. Pigeons adapt to routine and should be fed at the same time daily. They eat raw bird seed, rice, barley and other grains, which can be purchased at a local pet store.