How Do I Care for Guppies?

care-guppies Credit: Photography by Mijang Ka/Moment/Getty Images

Guppies add life and color to a home aquarium, but they require special care to ensure their longevity. Caring for guppies requires a tank, a lighting unit, an air pump, a filtration unit, a siphon vacuum, water and fish food.

  1. Set up your aquarium

    Choose a tank with a size that corresponds with the number of guppies you plan to have, and select and install a filtration unit for your tank. Select a small air pump for a single tank, and light your tank using a lit tank hood.

  2. Keep the water clean

    Once your aquarium is set up and filled with guppies, make sure to keep the water clean at all times. Use the siphon vacuum to siphon out the water containing waste once per week, which amounts to 30 or 40 percent of the total water. Cleaning the water improves the living conditions and the health of the guppies. Keep the water temperature between 75 and 82 degrees Fahrenheit and the pH between 6.8 and 7.6.

  3. Feed the guppies regularly

    Feed the guppies small amounts of food up to eight times per day. Make sure the fish food contains plenty of protein, such as brine shrimp and micro worms.