Care for a salamander by providing a secure aquarium or large plastic container with damp substrate, a clean water source, hiding places, and healthy food such as earthworms, insects or frozen bloodworms. Salamanders do not require a heated tank like reptiles do, but they may require cooling. Their habit should remain under 72 degrees Fahrenheit for optimal health.
House a salamander in an aquarium or plastic tank no less than 10 gallons in volume. Secure it with a tight-fitting lid to keep the salamander in and household pets out. Fill the bottom of the salamander habitat with top soil, shredded bark or both. Provide enough so that the salamander can dig below the surface. Dampen the substrate so that it is moist, but not saturated.
Use bark, leaves, broken clay pots or cork bark to create hiding places. Hiding is a natural behavior that reduces stress. When multiple salamanders live in one habitat, provide multiple hiding spots.
Salamanders prefer live prey. Purchase earthworms, small crickets or wax worms at a pet store. Frozen food, such as bloodworms, is also available. Some salamanders eat pelleted food, but most find pellets less appealing than other food sources, and new salamander pets often refuse to eat them.
Feed a salamander every third day unless it is very young or underweight. Feed young or underweight salamanders as often as once per day.