Ear mites can be treated by removing debris from the cat's ear and applying a topical ointment to the infested areas. This can be done either by a veterinarian or at home.
- Determine whether the cat has ear mites
The presence of a dark, crumbly substance that may resemble coffee grounds in and around the cat's ear is a sign of ear mite infection. Ear mites seek shelter within the ear canals of the cat and subsist on dead skin, cell fluids and blood. A cat that scratches its ears frequently or tilts its head at odd angles is another sign of infestation. Consult a veterinarian to determine whether the cat has ear mites. It is also possible to conduct an ear mite test at home by swabbing some material from the cat's ears and checking it under a magnifying glass over a black background. The presence of moving tiny, white specks indicates ear mites. Veterinary confirmation is required before treatment, however.
- Clean the ears
Gently use a damp cotton ball or a cotton-tipped swab to clean the exterior and interior of the cat's ears. Remove debris while leaving some amount of wax, as it is necessary for ear health. Avoid using cleaning solution if there is any sign that the ear drum is not healthy and intact. A few drops of mineral oil can be used in the event of particularly dirty ears.
- Use medication
Apply the medication prescribed by the veterinarian while following his instructions for dosage and frequency. Complete the entire round of treatment even if symptoms subside. Treat the cat with a topical insecticide simultaneously so that escaping mites cannot survive on other areas.