There are several types of medication available for puppies and adult dogs that help relieve pain including non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Pets should never be given human medication because those types of medication can be toxic to dogs, according to WebMD. Veterinarians can evaluate the puppy's pain and prescribe a suitable medication for treating it.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are the most popular type of medication given to dogs for pain. This includes medications such as Zubrin, Previcox, Etogesic and Metacam, and they are designed especially for dogs. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications are safe for most dogs, but they can lead to behavioral changes, vomiting, diarrhea, tarry stools, decreased appetite and redness of the skin. If a dog exhibits any of those side effects from taking the non steroidal anti-inflammatory medication, it's important to stop giving the dog this medication and consult a veterinarian, as advised by PetMD.
Other types of pain relieving medications available for adult dogs and puppies include steroids, opioids, holistic alternatives and nutraceuticals, according to PetMD. There is the potential of mild to serious side effects with any type of pain medication for dogs, so it's important to discuss the pros and the cons of the medications with a qualified veterinarian. Some medications, such as non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are only to be used on a short-term basis because they can cause stomach bleeding with prolonged use.