There are several tranquilizers available with a prescription from a veterinarian to help relieve stress and anxiety in cats, including Valium and Promace. Tranquilizers can have negative side effects, such as impairing the cat's cortical inhibitory impulses, so it's important to only use them with a prescription and close monitoring of the pet from a veterinarian, according to WebMD.
Tranquilizers help provide a calming effect for cats that have been injured or suffer from panic attacks. A veterinarian will help determine the cause of the cat's anxiety and recommend the best course of action for the cat's health. There are other types of medications that can help calm cats down including progesterones, Buspar, Prozac, Elavil and Anafranil, which are also only available by prescription.
Progesterones are popular medications for treating cats that cause destruction by scratching, those that mark or spay urine inside of the house and compulsive self-grooming. These types of medications may cause diabetes, excessive drinking and urinating, and several other health problems and are typically only used for a short-term treatment method.
The most important thing to know about treating cats with anxiety is that it's crucial to determine the root of problem first. A veterinarian will help determine the cause of the pet's anxiety and recommend a proper treatment plan for helping to relieve the cat's stress. It's also important to never administer medications to a cat without the consent of a veterinarian first.