Pain medications are available for dogs, but a veterinarian must oversee their administration, according to petMD. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are the pain medications veterinarians most frequently prescribe for dogs, but they sometimes use amantadine, gabapentin and tramadol, states WebMD.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that treat pain in dogs include carprofen, deracoxib, etodolac, firocoxib, meloxicam and tepoxalin, states WebMD. Drugs meant for humans, such as ibuprofen and naproxen, are not appropriate for use in dogs because they may cause internal bleeding, organ damage and possibly death, warns petMD.
Owners must follow their veterinarians' instructions for administering pain medications to their dogs to avoid unwanted effects, notes the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. If a dog exhibits behavioral changes, eats and drinks less, develops tarry stools, vomits, has diarrhea, or develops skin redness or scabs, the owner should stop giving the drug to the dog and consult with the veterinarian.