Camels are herbivorous and are specifically adapted to consume cactus and other thorny plants. Their mouths contain a leathery lining that protects the inside from damage. They also eat plants that do not contain thorns, such as willow and poplar.
Camels are grazers, similar to sheep or goats, and consume most kinds of vegetation that cross their path. They are able to consume both soft vegetable matter, such as leaves, and hard woody twigs. They also opportunistically eat things like leather and other scraps. Farmed camels are fed dates, wheat, grass and oats. Camels kept in zoos are fed hay.