Birds that migrate south include Canada geese, Baltimore orioles, indigo buntings, cliff swallows and sandhill cranes. Canada geese are famous for their V-shaped formations as they fly south for the winter from the northern areas of North America.
The Baltimore oriole, a medium-sized songbird known for its black and orange coloration, spends its summers breeding in North America from as far south as Louisiana to as far north as Canada. In the winter, it migrates south to Florida, the Caribbean, central America and northern South America.
The indigo bunting, whose male is known for his brilliant breeding plumage, also breeds in the United States and Canada during the summer then migrates south to the Caribbean, Central America and northern South America. It's also been found as far away as Iceland and other countries in northern Europe.
Sandhill cranes are found in North America, chiefly on the American plains, and in the similar habitat in Siberia. They migrate south in huge flocks, and can glide for hours because of their large wingspans. The residents of places such as Albuquerque, New Mexico welcome the return of the cranes with festivals.
After spending the spring and summer raising their young in San Juan Capistrano and environs, the cliff swallows return to their homes in Argentina. They allegedly do this on the feast day of the saint, October 23, after circling the Old Mission.