The most common African Cichlid species available from pet stores grow to 4 to 6 inches, and some get as big as 10 inches. This family of fish includes more than 100 species with varying degrees of aggressiveness.Continue Reading
The electric yellow lab (Labidochromis caeruleus) and demasoni (Pseudotropheus demasoni) grow to a maximum of 4 inches, while the peacock cichlid (Melanochromis johannii) grows to 4 to 6 inches. The Kenyi (Pseudotropheus lombardoi), electric blue (Melanochromis johannii), auratus (Melanochromis auratus), jewel cichlid (Hemichromis bimaculatus), zebra Obliquidens (Astatotilapia latifasciata) and compressiceps (Altolamprologus compressiceps) grow to 5 inches. The red zebra cichlid (Maylandia estherae), bumblebee cichlid (Pseudotropheus crabro) and red empress (Protomelas taeniolatus) grow to lengths of up to 6 inches. The Livingston cichlid (Nimbochromis livingstonii) reaches a length of 8 inches, and the Venustus (Nimbochromis venustus) has a maximum length of 10 inches.
African cichlids are active and need plenty of space to swim and grow. The minimum recommended tank size for these species is 55 gallons, and they prefer environments that contain rocks and rocky ornaments that provide shelter. Cichlids are aggressive and do not make suitable tank mates for other species. In addition, African and South American cichlids cannot be kept in the same tank.Learn more about Fish
While guppies do not bother other fish, selecting appropriate species to share their tank involves choosing types that don't bother them, such as small cichlids. Although larger cichlids are sometimes aggressive, rams and kribs are available in several colors and generally do not bother other fish in the tank.Full Answer >
Rosy red minnows, which are also known as Pimephales pomelas, are sold in pet stores as a type of feeder fish. This species is actually a fathead minnow, but due to certain genetic mutations, they are a rosy, light color.Full Answer >
The red parrot is a crossbreed of different Central American cichlids. The species has a round body and beak-shaped nose. Younger specimens are darker in color, and mature fish range from orange to red.Full Answer >
Female convict cichlids display a yellow-orange color on the belly and dorsal fin, according to About.com. The color patches are more pronounced just before laying eggs. Females are also smaller and rounder than males, which eventually grow a nuchal hump, a fatty deposit on the forehead, as they mature. The male's foreheads are steeper than the female, and their fins are longer and more pointed.Full Answer >