Lemurs have several behavioral adaptations that help them to survive in their natural habitats, including their reliance on social bonds and their diurnal activity patterns, according to Primate Info Net. While some behavioral adaptations of lemurs are common to all 10 living species, others are unique to one or two species, according to Lemur Life. Because lemurs evolved in Madagascar, they have adapted to different pressures than animals that evolved on mainland Africa.
According to the University of Michigan’s Animal Diversity Web, some lemurs are highly social animals that form groups of up to 20 individuals. While large lemurs do not fear many natural predators, living in social groups allows them to benefit from finding patchily distributed foods. These groups mark their territories with urine and secretions from arm and anal glands, according to the Animal Diversity Web. Ring-tailed lemurs form groups that are dominated by a female, according to the Primate Info Net, a website maintained by Wisconsin University.
Lemur social groups often engage in mutual grooming behaviors which help to rid their bodies of harmful parasites. According to Lemur Life, lemurs bask in the sun each morning, presumably to help regulate their body temperature. Lemur Life also explains that lemurs use body language extensively in their communications.