Barn owls live on every continent in the world with the exception of Antarctica, mainly residing in open habitats such as grasslands, marshes and deserts. Barn owls require cavities like the lofts in barns, church steeples, tree hollows, hay stacks and nest boxes in order to build their nests.
The barn owl's diet consists of rabbits, muskrats, mice, voles, shrews and small birds. Barn owls hunt alone after the sun sets, and they have great eyesight when it is almost dark outside. In total darkness, barn owls rely on their exceptional hearing to find prey. The body of a barn owl is covered with a certain type of feather that allows them to be very quiet when flying, which improves its chances of success when hunting.