Baby elephants, or elephant calves, are usually about 3 feet tall and weigh about 250 pounds when they are born. They are born with fuzzy black or red fur, which they eventually lose, on their heads and backs. Otherwise, they resemble adults of their species from the beginning.
Elephants remain in the calf stage, dependent on their mothers and drinking their mothers' milk, for a minimum of three to five and up to about 10 years. As in human children, brain development, learning and growth in size are the focus of elephants' childhood years. Between the ages of about eight and 13, they reach sexual maturity and are considered adolescent; they do not begin mating until some years after this, when they reach adulthood.