A baby baboon is called an infant. A baboon infant weighs approximately 2 pounds when born. Baby baboons are dependent on their mothers after birth. A female baboon gives birth after a gestation period of about 6 months. Baboons typically give birth to one infant at a time.
Baboons usually give birth at night. Females reproduce every 18 to 24 months throughout their lives. At 1 year old, an infant baboon is capable of collecting most of its food. Male baboons leave their birth group prior to reaching sexual maturity, but female baboons stay in their birth group for life.