Dietary changes, nutritional supplements, weight reduction, exercise and medications are some arthritis remedies for dogs, according to the ASPCA. Physical therapy and surgery are other treatment options, states WebMD.
A veterinarian may recommend special food for a dog with arthritis along with appropriate exercise to provide the dog with nutrients; build up its strength; increase muscle mass and function; and manage its weight, explains WebMD. Because fat is a source of inflammation, reducing fat decreases inflammation. When a dog's weight is within the proper range, the joints are under less stress, and correct muscle mass and function help protect the joints and enable them to operate properly. Supplements such as glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate, omega fatty acids, vitamin E and selenium reduce inflammation and aid the body in repairing tissue, notes petMD.
Administration of corticosteroid medications can help decrease inflammation and swelling, but the medications can have a detrimental effect on the joints, says petMD. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as aspirin, ibuprofen and Rimadyl, alleviate pain and inflammation.
Because there is no cure for arthritis, the goal is to keep the dog healthy and minimize its pain, according to the ASPCA. Providing comfortable bedding, using a dog ramp, placing food and water in easily accessible positions and massaging the dog are steps a dog owner can take to increase the dog's comfort levels.