An Arabian sand cat is a wild cat of the species Felis margarita that lives on the Arabian peninsula. Most sand cats live in northern Africa, but pockets of them live elsewhere, including a small population in central Asia.
Sand cats are specialized for survival in arid deserts, and their main habitat is the Sahara. Their coat color matches the sandy and gravely terrain in which they are found, ranging from dusty yellow to light gray. They have coarse black fur on their paw pads to protect them from hot surfaces, and the fur keeps them from sinking into the soft sand. The Arabian population of this species had radio collar studies performed in Israel in 1993, because observing the animals in the wild was otherwise difficult due to their excellent camouflage and obscured tracks.