An anthro-wolf is a wolf given human-like characteristics or emotions. Anthro is short for anthropomorphic, meaning to attribute human characteristics to non-human creatures or objects.
The primary example in modern culture of an anthro-wolf is the werewolf. Werewolves have been present in literature since the Middle Ages and hold meaning to various religions across the world. Werewolf legends are believed to have their origins in the Germanic warrior tribes of Iron Age Europe.
Until the 20th century, reports of werewolf attacks and accusations of werewolvery were common throughout Europe. Some contemporary scholars believe accounts of werewolves to be due to misdiagnosed medical conditions, such as porphyria and Down syndrome.