Minnows are consumed by a variety of organisms in aquatic environments, including larger species of fish and birds such as owls and hawks. The predators of minnows vary depending on the organisms present in local habitats and availability of other potential food sources.
According to the New York State Government, the predators of fallfish, which are native species to the State of New York, are consumed by other fish species and predatory birds such as ospreys. Common Shriners, which are another minnow species, are food for birds including kingfishers and mergansers, as well as larger fish including bass and pike. Many minnows are also caught by humans to use as bait.