Predators of the fox vary by its range; in North America, the fox often falls prey to coyotes, cougars, lynxes, bobcats, wolves, panthers and even eagles and other raptors. One of the main predators of the fox is man, including hunters who kill them for sport or for their coats and farmers who shoot them as nuisance animals.
In Europe and Asia, the fox is preyed upon by Eurasian lynxes, caracals and leopards. In fact, the fox is so preyed upon by lynxes in parts of Russia that they are only rarely seen in areas where lynxes are well-established. The Eurasian eagle owl and other large raptors prey on foxes in Eurasia.