The Andalusian horse is breed of horse that originated on the Iberian Peninsula in Spain and Portugal. To be considered a true Andalusian, the horse must be able to trace, unbroken, its bloodlines back to the region of the peninsula from which the breed originated.
Some common physical characteristics of the Andalusian horse include a long, thick mane and tail, compact build and barb-shaped head. They are renowned for their stamina and athleticism, being used in the middle ages for events such as bullfighting, driving, dressage and as stock horses. Export of Andalusians was restricted until the 1960s, leaving the number of purebred Andalusian horses worldwide relatively small.