An agama lizard, native to Africa, is a lizard that is often called a rainbow lizard because the dominant male has an orange or yellow head, and a blue body and tail. The subordinate males' bodies may be brown, gray, yellow or blue, while females are brown or green.
Agama lizards live in a group that consists of the dominant male, numerous females and a few subordinate males. Dominance is determined by fighting. The winner mates with the females and gets the best spot for sunning. Agama lizards can live up to 28 years in the wild and grow up to 16 inches in length.