A trapezoid has four sides. It is a simple, convex quadrilateral with at least one pair of parallel sides. In British English, it is typically called a trapezium.
Know MoreFormerly, the word trapezoid in British English meant a quadrilateral with no parallel sides, or what is often called an irregular quadrilateral.
Agreement as to the classification of trapezoids is not universal. Some regard only quadrilaterals with one single pair of parallel sides as trapezoids. Others regard the parallelogram, with two pairs of parallel sides, as a special type of trapezoid. This definition includes rectangles, rhombuses and squares as trapezoids as well because they are all special types of parallelogram.
Learn more about ShapesTrapezoids are not necessarily parallelograms, as a trapezoid only needs one pair of parallel sides, unlike parallelograms, which need two. However, there are two definitions of what a trapezoid is, and one of them considers parallelograms to be trapezoids.
Full Answer >A trapezoid, also referred to as a trapezium, is a quadrilateral shape with a pair of parallel opposite sides. The two parallel lines are called the bases, while the nonparallel sides are called the legs.
Full Answer >A trapezoid may have right angles, but they are not required. The definition of a trapezoid only specifies that it must be a quadrilateral, or a closed, four-sided shape, and that it must have only one pair of parallel sides.
Full Answer >Using the area, the height is found by dividing twice the area by the sum of the two bases of the trapezoid. Without the area, the height is found by using the Pythagorean Theorem; right triangles can be formed from the ends of the trapezoid. The slanted edges form the hypotenuses, and the length of the triangle's bottom sides is half of the difference between the two bases.
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