A Mandlebrot set is a series of numbers that is achieved by repeating mathematical functions multiple times. When plotted on a plane, the numbers create complex patterns known as fractals, which duplicate many of the patterns found in nature.
Fractals derived from Mandlebrot sets are formed in the same way as simple graphs generated from repeating geometric functions. However, instead of using real numbers that can be found on the number line, Mandlebrot sets use complex numbers. Also known as imaginary numbers, complex numbers are values that have been multiplied by a special unit that allows for the formation of negative square roots.