A latent function is an unintended or unrecognized consequence of an institution or social phenomenon. Unexpected negative consequences are typically called latent dysfunctions. School, for example, has the explicit, or manifest, function of educating individuals, but a latent function of teaching students about navigating social structures and relationships and keeping children off the streets for six to 10 hours a day.Continue Reading
The Prohibition, the banning of all alcohol manufacturing, sales and transportation by constitutional amendment, had several latent functions, such as an increase in the number of pharmacists, legally allowed to obtain medicinal alcohol, an increase in church attendance and clergy (churches were allowed to obtain wine for religious services), and an increase in the number of home distilleries. The grape industry sold bags of grapes with warning labels that warned consumers not to leave them out too long or they would ferment. Home stills could be found at hardware stores, and pamphlets giving instructions on how to make wine could be found at a public library.
Perhaps the worst latent function of the Prohibition was the criminal empire it created. Police made large sums of money in bribes, and criminal activity went relatively unchecked. The plea bargain was introduced, as the court system could not keep up with the influx of violators, and jails overflowed.Learn more about Calculus
The definition of a limit in calculus is the value that a function gets close to but never surpasses as the input changes. Limits are one of the most important aspects of calculus, and they are used to determine continuity and the values of functions in a graphical sense.Full Answer >
A linear function is a function whose graph is a line in the plane. The characteristic property of these functions is that when the value of the input variable is changed, the change in the output is a constant multiple of the change in the input variable.Full Answer >
The integral of the secant function is the natural logarithm of the absolute value of the secant of x plus the tangent of x, plus a constant. Expressed in mathematical notation, it reads as the integral of sec x dx = ln |sec x + tan x| + C.Full Answer >
The instantaneous velocity in calculus is the first derivative of a function that expresses distance as a function of time. The instantaneous velocity is also depicted graphically as the slope of the tangent line at a specific point.Full Answer >