The invention of multiplication cannot be attributed to a particular individual or society because it can be traced to several ancient civilizations, including Egypt, China, Babylonia and India. Each civilization employed a distinct technique to multiply numbers. The methods involved repetitive additions of numbers.
The use of multiplication tables can be traced to ancient Sumerian civilizations, some 4,600 years ago. The Egyptians practiced multiplication using hieroglyphic techniques dating back to 1600 B.C. The ancient Chinese multiplied using a series of multiplication tables similar to modern ones, as documented in "Zhou Bi Suan Jing." Ancient Indian societies multiplied using a system similar to the modern lattice method.