Q:

# What are geometric patterns?

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A geometric pattern is a pattern consisting of lines and geometric figures, such as triangles, circles and squares, that are arranged in a repeated fashion. Geometric patterns are found in many places, including art and architecture, and they tend to be symmetrical.

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Credit: marcivist CC-BY 2.0

Geometric patterns can be seen on many man-made structures, including buildings and bridges. They often represent some aspect of the culture where the structure is located, such as the history and background of the civilization and its accomplishments. Geometric patterns are one of the major pattern types found in Islamic art, along with vegetal patterns.They are and have been used to decorate buildings as well as objects found in the culture. Before being incorporated into Islamic art, geometric patterns were used by several ancient civilizations, including the Romans, Greeks and the Sasanians in Iran. Symbolically, these patterns represented unity and order, and their formations were the result of the investigations and studies of ancient scientists, astronomers and mathematicians of Islam. There are a few repeating units of geometric patterns that are commonly found in Islamic art. They consists of four-sided polygons or squares, interlaced circles or plain circles, multisided polygons, ubiquitous star patterns and triangles inscribed in circles.

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