Leonardo Pisano, who is better known by the name Fibonacci, introduced the Hindu-Arabic number system to Europe at the beginning of the 13th century through his book Liber Abaci, which translates to "Book of Calculation" in English. It enabled Europeans to break free of the cumbersome Roman numeral system and perform calculations using the decimal system. The talented mathematician was also known for introducing to Europe the number sequence named after him, the Fibonacci sequence.Continue Reading
Because his father was a merchant and stationed by the Italian city-state of Pisa in what is now modern-day Algeria, Fibonacci received an education from the Moors in Northern Africa. This enabled him to see the advantages of the Hindu-Arabic arithmetic system over European methods. He also went further in his studies and sought out the leading Arab mathematical instructors in the Mediterranean area to learn more of their methods. Fibonacci returned from his journeys around 1200, and at the age of 32, he completed his work on "Liber Abaci" in 1202.
The decimal positional system, the use of zero as a place holder, the squaring of fractions and the principles of algorithms were all new mathematical concepts that Fibonacci brought to the European world. He also introduced the Fibonacci sequence, which is intimately connected to the Golden Mean (also known as the Divine Proportion) and represents many of the proportional ratios found in nature. The sequence is also used in art and architecture.Learn more about Numbers
The number 55 is the largest Fibonacci number to be both triangular and semi-prime. Also, any odd number between 90 and 110 multiplied by 55 would result in a palindrome numeral. The number 55 is also the atomic number for caesium.Full Answer >
Nobody actually knows how Fibonacci died. The exact date of his death, in fact, is still a mystery. It is estimated that he died sometime in the decade between 1240 and 1250. He lived to be approximately 70 to 80 years old.Full Answer >
The Mayan number system is a base-twenty system that was developed by the Mayan civilization around the fourth century A.D. Only three symbols are used to represent all numeric values: a shell for zero, a bar for five and a dot for one. These symbols are arranged in columns that are read from top to bottom, and the columns are arranged in powers of 20.Full Answer >
A numeric number, more commonly referred to as a numeral, is a symbol or name used to represent a number. A numeral may be expressed in words, such as seventy-five, or by arranging digits in a place-value system, such as by writing 75.Full Answer >