Statistics

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Statistics play an important role in research of almost any kind because they deal with easily-quantified data. When working in fields such as science or medicine, trials are needed, and experimental data has to be collected and analyzed. The study of statistics enables researchers to look at a large set of data and condense it into meaningful information.

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  • What does "average" mean in mathematics?

    Q: What does "average" mean in mathematics?

    A: In mathematics, the “average” typically refers to the “mean value” of a set of numbers that is found by adding all the numbers in the set and then dividing this answer by how many numbers were in the set. However, there also are other types of averages in mathematics, such as the weighted average, mode and median.
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  • What are the divorce rates for second and third marriages?

    Q: What are the divorce rates for second and third marriages?

    A: In the United States, the divorce rate for second marriages is estimated at between 60 and 67 percent. Third marriages fare considerably worse, with the divorce rate estimated between 73 and 74 percent.
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  • What are different types of probability?

    Q: What are different types of probability?

    A: Different types of probability include conditional probability, Markov chains probability and standard probability. Standard probability is equal to the number of wanted outcomes divided by the number of possible outcomes.
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  • What does frequency mean in mathematics?

    Q: What does frequency mean in mathematics?

    A: In math, the frequency is the number of times a specific value appears in a data set or list. To find the frequency of these values, one constructs a frequency table and inputs all the different values from the set.
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  • What is median vs. mean?

    Q: What is median vs. mean?

    A: The median is the middle number when a set of numbers is arranged in order from smallest to largest, and the mean is the average of a set of numbers. Both these measurements are useful in performing statistical analyses of a number grouping and making projections about future results.
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  • What are the advantages of probability sampling?

    Q: What are the advantages of probability sampling?

    A: Probability sampling offers the advantages of less biased results and a higher representation of the sample in question. It also allows for accurate statistical inferences to be made.
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  • What is a coin toss simulation?

    Q: What is a coin toss simulation?

    A: A coin toss simulation uses software to mimic the act of tossing a coin many times to demonstrate how frequency affects probability. With two possible outcomes (heads or tails), most observers assume even odds, or 50 percent, but tossing a coin only a few times may show uneven outcomes. By increasing the frequency of tosses, the result gets close to 50 percent, demonstrating how frequency affects outcomes.
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  • How many cubic feet are in a 53-foot trailer?

    Q: How many cubic feet are in a 53-foot trailer?

    A: A typical 53-foot trailer that is 9 feet high and 8 feet wide contains 3,816 cubic feet of space. However, because of the irregular shape of many items being shipped, a trailer is often not filled completely. Air pockets are located in various locations throughout the trailer.
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  • What is qualitative data?

    Q: What is qualitative data?

    A: Qualitative data is data that can be observed but cannot be measured. This type of data is often in contrast to quantitative data, which is data that can be measured.
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  • How do you calculate jelly beans in a jar?

    Q: How do you calculate jelly beans in a jar?

    A: To calculate the number of jellybeans in a jar, count the number of jellybeans on the top layer of the jar. Then, count the number of jellybeans going down the side of the jar, and multiply that number by the number of jellybeans in the top layer to get an estimate of the number of jellybeans in the jar.
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  • What does "marginal probability" mean?

    Q: What does "marginal probability" mean?

    A: Probabilities may be marginal, joint or conditional. A marginal probability is the probability of a single event happening. It is not conditional on any other event occurring.
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  • How big is a cereal box?

    Q: How big is a cereal box?

    A: Cereal box size depends on the cereal brand and the volume size. For example, a box that is 12 inches long, 7 5/8 inches wide and 2 1/2 inches deep is required to hold 12.8 ounces of Multi Grain Cheerios.
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  • What percentage of our lives are spent working?

    Q: What percentage of our lives are spent working?

    A: About one-third or 30 percent of human life is spent working. The average working week in the United States consists of 40 hours of work. Most people take a few holidays every year. On an average, most people spend about 25 to 30 years working.
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  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of using statistics?

    Q: What are the advantages and disadvantages of using statistics?

    A: Statistics allow people to analyze surveys, experiments and other data, but they are easy to misrepresent or to use to mislead others. Statistical data is essential to the scientific method. It also helps companies, governments and other entities make decisions.
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  • What is a good statistical sample size?

    Q: What is a good statistical sample size?

    A: A good statistical sample size is at least 100, and preferably more, participants. With a 100-participant sample size, the researcher has a margin of error of approximately 10 percent with a 95 percent confidence rating in the results. For the researcher to increase his confidence rating and reduce his margin of error he has to increase the size of the sample.
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  • What is the importance of statistics in business?

    Q: What is the importance of statistics in business?

    A: Statistics are an important tool for running a business. Managers are required to make decisions based on data collected over time. This data is worthless unless it is analyzed and interpreted; statistics allows business managers to analyze the data and arrive at meaningful conclusions.
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  • What is biostatistics?

    Q: What is biostatistics?

    A: Biostatistics is a specialized area that applies statistical analysis to fields like biology, agriculture and medicine. Biostatisticians play a large role in scientific research studies, including designing study models and analyzing study results. Medical biostatistics narrows this field further to focus solely on medical and health issues.
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  • What are the odds of getting hit by a car?

    Q: What are the odds of getting hit by a car?

    A: Based on information provided by the Centers for Disease Control, the odds of being struck by a car in the United States is about one in 4,292. The odds of dying as the result of being struck by a car are about one in 47,273.
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  • What is a criterion variable?

    Q: What is a criterion variable?

    A: According to the University of Connecticut, the criterion variable is the dependent variable, or Y hat, in a regression analysis. The criterion variable is the variable that the analysis predicts. The number given from the analysis fits into the regression line.
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  • Why is sampling important?

    Q: Why is sampling important?

    A: Sampling, in statistics, is a method of answering questions that deal with large numbers of individuals by selecting a smaller subset of the population for study. One of the most prevalent types of sampling is random sampling.
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  • What is the importance of statistics in economics?

    Q: What is the importance of statistics in economics?

    A: Statistics are a methodology necessary in the field of statistics and are used to collect, analyze and evaluate data. Economics depends heavily on the use of statistics.
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