Data Graphs

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Graphs are beneficial because they summarize and display information in a manner that is easy for most people to comprehend. Graphs are used in many academic disciplines, including math, hard sciences and social sciences. They make appearances in corporate settings, serving as useful tools to convey financial information and facilitate data analysis.

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  • How is a tally chart made?

    Q: How is a tally chart made?

    A: To make a tally chart, single lines are drawn next to one another until reaching five, where the fifth line crosses the four other lines diagonally. This is a simple charting method that can be used quickly for surveys or other needs.
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  • How is data turned into information?

    Q: How is data turned into information?

    A: According to the BBC, data is transformed into information after being imported into a database or spreadsheet. Information is defined as a collection of facts or data, whereas data is defined as information organized for analysis or used to reason.
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  • What are the names of graphs?

    Q: What are the names of graphs?

    A: Several types of graphs are used for displaying information in mathematics including the bar graph; pie chart or circle graph; histogram; stem and leaf plot; dot plot; scatter plot; and time-series graphs. The type of graph chosen depends on whether the data is quantitative, qualitative or paired.
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  • When do you use a bar graph?

    Q: When do you use a bar graph?

    A: A bar graph is used to compare items between different groups and track changes over a period of time. Bar graphs are best used for changes that happen over a large amount of time instead of just months or weeks.
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  • What is a segmented bar graph?

    Q: What is a segmented bar graph?

    A: A segmented bar graph is similar to regular bar graph except the bars are made of different segments that are represented visually through colored sections. A segmented bar graph is sometimes known as a stacked bar graph, and it offers greater detail about data sets.
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  • Why are points connected in a line graph but not in a bar graph?

    Q: Why are points connected in a line graph but not in a bar graph?

    A: A line graph is a graph that charts the relationship between two variables or a progression of a single quantity through time. Without the lines connecting points of data, it would be difficult to make sense of the data being presented if there was no overall trend between the dots. A bar graph, on the other hand, is meant to compare two or more statistics, such as population figures.
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  • What is a pie graph used for?

    Q: What is a pie graph used for?

    A: A pie graph is an effective visual tool used for showing how something breaks into parts. A pie graph is essentially a circle sliced into 100 pieces. Each category or part represented in the pie graph is given a piece of the pie to represent the percentage that it comprises of the whole.
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  • How does a graph help people interpret scientific data?

    Q: How does a graph help people interpret scientific data?

    A: Graphs of various types provide convenient visual representations of scientific data that would otherwise be presented in intimidating blocks of text or a series of numbers. Graphs represent statistics such as changes over time, comparisons, or parts of a whole. Graphs can be used to make date more accessible to both scientists and laypersons.
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  • Why are graphs important?

    Q: Why are graphs important?

    A: Graphs are beneficial because they summarize and display information in a manner that is easy for most people to comprehend. Graphs are used in many academic disciplines, including math, hard sciences and social sciences. They make appearances in corporate settings, serving as useful tools to convey financial information and facilitate data analysis.
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  • What is numerical data?

    Q: What is numerical data?

    A: Numerical data is data that is expressed with digits as opposed to letters or words. For example, the weight of a desk or the height of a building is numerical data.
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  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of a graph?

    Q: What are the advantages and disadvantages of a graph?

    A: The primary advantage of using a graph or chart in a presentation is that they help the audience to visualize the point of the presentation. Graphs emphasize the main point, make the data more convincing, provide a compact way of presenting information and help audiences stay engaged. Disadvantages of graphs include being time consuming to construct and costly to produce. They also require technology that some may lack.
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  • Q: When should kids use bar graphs?

    A: Kids should use bar graphs when they are attempting to show how something changes over time or to compare items. Bar graphs work well when comparing items in categories that are related.
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  • What is a compound bar graph?

    Q: What is a compound bar graph?

    A: A compound bar graph breaks down data by splitting the columns to represent information comprising each bar. For example, a bar graph representing state employment rates can be turned into a compound bar graph by subdividing each state bar into columns to show unemployment percentages based on gender or race.
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  • Q: What is a coordinate grid?

    A: A coordinate grid is a series of vertical and horizontal lines that form a pattern of squares on the page; each grid line has a number or coordinate. Coordinate grids are useful for graphing positions of numbers to see patterns of lines and curves.
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  • What is a bipartite graph?

    Q: What is a bipartite graph?

    A: A bipartite graph, also known as a bigraph, refers to a graph whose vertex set can be divided into two independent sets. The division is done in such a way that each edge of the graph connects a vertex in the first set to a vertex in the second set.
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  • What are vertices in math?

    Q: What are vertices in math?

    A: Vertices are the points, or corners, in geometrical and mathematical shapes where two or more lines meet but do not cross, according to Math Open Reference. Vertices can exist in two-dimensional and three-dimensional shapes. The singular form of vertices is vertex. Sometimes, the term vertex is also used to describe certain points on quadratic equations.
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  • What is a broken line graph?

    Q: What is a broken line graph?

    A: According to the Cambridge Dictionary, a broken line graph is "a graph that shows information as dots that are connected by straight lines." These graphs do not necessarily form an overall straight line. Each data point is often a vertex where the line makes a change in direction.
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  • Q: What is an example of a covariance matrix?

    A: A covariance matrix is a P*P matrix with elements from a vector of random variables. The element in the position i, j is the given covariance between the ith and jth elements. The covariance matrix can also be referred to as the variance-covariance matrix or the dispersion matrix. The concept of covariance matrix enhances the general idea of variance in multiple dimensions.
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  • What is an entity relationship diagram?

    Q: What is an entity relationship diagram?

    A: An entity relationship diagram or model describes how sets of entities, such as computer processes or organizational roles, interact with each other. An ER model can also list attributes for a particular entity. The most common shape for an entity is a rectangle, while interactions or actions are diamonds, and attributes are ovals. The three main types of ER diagrams are physical data, logical data and conceptual data models.
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  • Q: What is the difference between row and column?

    A: Rows and columns are used to describe the arrangement of sets of data or objects in space, but the difference between these two terms lies is the orientation of the objects. A row has the objects arranged horizontally, and a column has the objects arranged vertically.
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  • What is a double bar graph?

    Q: What is a double bar graph?

    A: A double bar graph is a chart that uses parallel bars at proportional lengths that represent quantitative values. The length of the bar correlates with the data.
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