Calculus

A:

A Pythagorean triple is a set of three positive integers, (a, b, c), such that a right triangle can be formed with the legs a and b and the hypotenuse c. The most common Pythagorean triples are (3, 4, 5), (5, 12, 13), (8, 15, 17) and (7, 24, 25).

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  • What is the precise definition of a limit in calculus?

    Q: What is the precise definition of a limit in calculus?

    A: The definition of a limit in calculus is the value that a function gets close to but never surpasses as the input changes. Limits are one of the most important aspects of calculus, and they are used to determine continuity and the values of functions in a graphical sense.
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  • How are logarithms used in the world?

    Q: How are logarithms used in the world?

    A: A few examples of how logarithms are used in the real world include measuring the magnitude of earthquakes or the intensity of sound and determining acidity. A logarithm explains how many times a number is multiplied to a power to reach another number. It is expressed as loge(x) and is commonly written as ln(x).
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  • What are some common Pythagorean triples?

    Q: What are some common Pythagorean triples?

    A: A Pythagorean triple is a set of three positive integers, (a, b, c), such that a right triangle can be formed with the legs a and b and the hypotenuse c. The most common Pythagorean triples are (3, 4, 5), (5, 12, 13), (8, 15, 17) and (7, 24, 25).
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  • What is a nonlinear function in math?

    Q: What is a nonlinear function in math?

    A: A nonlinear function in math creates a graph that is not a straight line, according to Columbia University. Three nonlinear functions commonly used in business applications include exponential functions, parabolic functions and demand functions. Quadratic functions are common nonlinear equations that form parabolas on a two-dimensional graph.
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  • How is the class midpoint calculated?

    Q: How is the class midpoint calculated?

    A: The class midpoint, or class mark, is calculated by adding the lower and upper limits of the class and dividing by two. The class midpoint is sometimes used as a representation of the entire class.
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  • How do you calculate bulk density?

    Q: How do you calculate bulk density?

    A: To calculate bulk density, simply weigh the sample and divide its mass by its volume. Bulk density is commonly used when referring to solid mixtures like soil. Just like particle density, bulk density is also measured in mass per volume.
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  • How many millimeters equal 1 meter?

    Q: How many millimeters equal 1 meter?

    A: One thousand millimeters is equal to 1 meter. The meter is the standard unit of length in the International System of Units, also known as the metric system. "Metre" is the standard spelling for all English-speaking countries except the United States. "Meter" is the accepted U.S. spelling.
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  • How is calculus used in medicine?

    Q: How is calculus used in medicine?

    A: According to class notes from Bunker Hill Community College, calculus is often used in medicine in the field of pharmacology to determine the best dosage of a drug that is administered and its rate of dissolving. Usually, the drug is slowly dissolved in the stomach.
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  • What are the meanings of "sin", "cos", "tan", "csc", "sec" and "cot"?

    Q: What are the meanings of "sin", "cos", "tan", "csc", "sec" and "cot"?

    A: The abbreviations "sin," "cos," "tan," "csc," "sec" and "cot" stand for the six trigonometric functions: sine, cosine, tangent, cosecant, secant and cotangent. Each function represents a particular relationship between the measure of one of the angles and the ratio between two sides of a right triangle.
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  • How do you calculate the midpoint Riemann sum?

    Q: How do you calculate the midpoint Riemann sum?

    A: A Riemann sum is a method of approximating the area under the curve of a function. It adds together a series of values taken at different points of that function and multiplies them by the intervals between points. The midpoint Riemann sum uses the x-value in the middle of each of the intervals.
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  • Q: What is "Precalculus with Limits"?

    A: Precalculus with limits is a high school math course that covers topics in algebra, geometry and trigonometry and prepares students to study calculus. Students often take this course as juniors or seniors in high school.
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  • Q: What is the derivative of X?

    A: The derivative of x is 1. A derivative of a function in terms of x can be thought of as the rate of change of the function at a value of x. In the case of f(x) = x, the rate of change is 1 at all values of x.
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  • What are critical points in calculus?

    Q: What are critical points in calculus?

    A: In calculus, critical points or stationary points are any values of differentiable functions of complex or real variables whose derivative is 0, f(x0) = 0. In a differentiable function that has several real variables, critical points are values in the domain where the partial derivatives are 0. The values of critical points are known as critical values.
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  • Q: What is the definition of "sine?"

    A: In math, the sine of an angle is defined as the length of the side of a right triangle opposite the acute angle divided by the length of the hypotenuse. The lengths of these sides can be determined through the Pythagorean Theorem.
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  • Q: What are some calculus project ideas?

    A: One calculus project idea is figuring out the center of mass of an irregular piece of Plexiglas. Students choose a piece of Plexiglas and use coordinate paper to determine its boundaries. They use that information to determine the centroid of the region, proving it by balancing the Plexiglas on a pencil stuck in sand. Students turn in drawings and examples of the work they used to arrive at the answer.
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  • Q: What is the derivative of tan 2x?

    A: The derivative of tan(2x) is equal to two times the secant squared of two times x. Using mathematical notation, the equation is written as d/dx tan(2x) = 2sec^2(2x).
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  • What is the first octant?

    Q: What is the first octant?

    A: In the context of solid three-dimensional geometry, the first octant is the portion under an xyz-axis where all three variables are positive values. Under a Euclidean three-dimensional coordinate system, the first octant is one of the eight divisions determined by the signs of coordinates.
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  • What is a manipulated variable?

    Q: What is a manipulated variable?

    A: The manipulated variable in an experiment is the independent variable; it is not affected by the experiment's other variables. HowStuffWorks explains that it is the variable the experimenter controls. When there are control and experimental groups, the manipulated variable is the treatment supplied to the experimental group and denied the control group.
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  • Q: What are antiderivatives of trig functions?

    A: The antiderivative of a trigonometric function is an alternative way of deducing the integral of the function, according to educators at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The integral of the function is basically the derivative backwards. In the case of trigonometric functions, the antiderivative of a trigonometric identity is its derivative reverse.
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  • Q: What is the derivative of sin squared?

    A: The derivative of sine squared is the sine of 2x, expressed as d/dx (sin2(x)) = sin(2x). The derivative function describes the slope of a line at a given point in a function.
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  • Q: What is the Lagrange remainder?

    A: The Lagrange remainder is a term that estimates the size of the error introduced by a partial sum of the Taylor series when it is used to compute an approximated value for the original function. The Lagrange remainder for the Taylor series is a tool not only for estimating errors but for giving a precise difference between the polynomial and the original function approximated by the polynomial.
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