A Pythagorean triple is a set of three positive integers, (a, b, c), such that a right triangle can be formed with the legs a and b and the hypotenuse c. The most common Pythagorean triples are (3, 4, 5), (5, 12, 13), (8, 15, 17) and (7, 24, 25).
A:A Pythagorean triple is a set of three positive integers, (a, b, c), such that a right triangle can be formed with the legs a and b and the hypotenuse c. The most common Pythagorean triples are (3, 4, 5), (5, 12, 13), (8, 15, 17) and (7, 24, 25).
A:One thousand millimeters is equal to 1 meter. The meter is the standard unit of length in the International System of Units, also known as the metric system. "Metre" is the standard spelling for all English-speaking countries except the United States. "Meter" is the accepted U.S. spelling.
A:The abbreviations "sin," "cos," "tan," "csc," "sec" and "cot" stand for the six trigonometric functions: sine, cosine, tangent, cosecant, secant and cotangent. Each function represents a particular relationship between the measure of one of the angles and the ratio between two sides of a right triangle.
A:A nonlinear function in math creates a graph that is not a straight line, according to Columbia University. Three nonlinear functions commonly used in business applications include exponential functions, parabolic functions and demand functions. Quadratic functions are common nonlinear equations that form parabolas on a two-dimensional graph.
A:A few examples of how logarithms are used in the real world include measuring the magnitude of earthquakes or the intensity of sound and determining acidity. A logarithm explains how many times a number is multiplied to a power to reach another number. It is expressed as loge(x) and is commonly written as ln(x).
A:To calculate bulk density, simply weigh the sample and divide its mass by its volume. Bulk density is commonly used when referring to solid mixtures like soil. Just like particle density, bulk density is also measured in mass per volume.
A:According to class notes from Bunker Hill Community College, calculus is often used in medicine in the field of pharmacology to determine the best dosage of a drug that is administered and its rate of dissolving. Usually, the drug is slowly dissolved in the stomach.
A:The definition of a limit in calculus is the value that a function gets close to but never surpasses as the input changes. Limits are one of the most important aspects of calculus, and they are used to determine continuity and the values of functions in a graphical sense.
A:A Riemann sum is a method of approximating the area under the curve of a function. It adds together a series of values taken at different points of that function and multiplies them by the intervals between points. The midpoint Riemann sum uses the x-value in the middle of each of the intervals.
A:A comparison theorem is a test of whether or not a mathematical object satisfies a set of predetermined properties. In calculus, a comparison can test if an integral is convergent or divergent. It is useful when one is not concerned with the actual value of an integral.
A:The antiderivative of cos(x) is sin(x) + c, where c is an arbitrary constant. The antiderivative is more commonly called the indefinite integral. One must add an arbitrary constant into the antiderivative because sin(x) + c differentiates to cos(x) for all values of c.
A:"Cot" is the abbreviation for "cotangent," a trigonometric function used to find the value of an angle in a right triangle by dividing the length of an adjacent side by the length of the opposite side. The numerical value of cot x varies depending on the value of x.
A:The items contained in a matrix are its entries; an entry is a single piece of data from within a matrix. Matrix notation refers to the use of a subscript to identify the row and column location of a single entry within a matrix.
A:The factors of 75 are 1, 3, 5, 15, 25 and 75. The factors may be determined by dividing 75 by whole numbers starting from 1. If the resulting quotient is also a whole number, then both the divisor and quotient are factors of the number.
A:The antiderivative of sec(x) is equal to ln |sec(x) + tan(x)| + C, where C represents a constant. This antiderivative, also known as an integral, can be solved by using the integration technique known as substitution.
A:Learners can take calculus courses online through Massachusetts Institute of Technology, San Francisco State University, University of California in Berkeley or Brigham Young University. These courses range from introductory offerings to specific, advanced focuses.