A mathematical outlier, which is a value vastly different from the majority of data, causes a skewed or misleading distribution in certain measures of central tendency within a data set, namely the mean and range, according to About Statistics. The affected mean or range incorrectly displays a bias toward the outlier value. The median and mode values, which express other measures of central tendency, are largely unaffected by an outlier.
Full Answer >Calculate the weighted average of a data set using the formula w1x1 + w2x2 + … wnxn. It involves multiplying each number by its weight and then summing up their products. You need the data values, or x, and the data value's weights, or w.
Full Answer >Chebyshev's theorem, or inequality, states that for any given data sample, the proportion of observations is at least (1-(1/k2)), where k equals the "within number" divided by the standard deviation. For this to work, k must equal at least 1. This theorem provides a way to know what percentage of data lies within the standard deviations from any data set.
Full Answer >A statistical table contains several components designed to illustrate the data, including a title for the table, the table number, the heading and subheadings, the table body, the table spanner, dividers and table notes. Tables are used to display data obtained from an experiment and are often included in lab reports or research papers and presentations.
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