German mathematician Emily Noether's contributions include a number of published works on abstract algebra, with special attention to fields, groups and rings. Noether also proved two theorems basic to elementary particle and general relativity physics, one of which is named after her.
Noether received her Ph.D. in Mathematics in 1908 from the University of Erlangen and began work at the Mathematical Institute of Erlangen the following year until 1915, when she began focusing on Einstein's general relativity theory. Following later teachings in Moscow, Frankfurt and Zurich, Noether was awarded the prestigious Ackermann-Teubner Memorial Prize. In 1933, Noether came to the U.S., where she taught at Bryn Mawr College until her death in 1935.