According to the UCLA Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, the equivalent weight is the weight required to provide the equivalent of one proton or one hydroxide anion. You can calculate this in a few minutes using a formula and some information about the molecule in question. You need the molecular formula and a copy of the periodic table for this calculation. The following method shows how to calculate the theoretical equivalent weight.
Continue ReadingLocate this number under the atomic symbol on the periodic table. For example, carbon, with the atomic symbol C, has an atomic weight of 12.011 grams per mole.
Multiply the atomic weight by the element's subscript in the molecular formula and add. In hydrates, multiply the weight of the water molecule by the number located between the dot and the H2O and add to the total.
Divide the molecular weight by the number of hydrogen protons it donates as acid or the number of hydroxide (OH)- anions it produces as a base. Use the units of grams per equivalent of H+ or grams per equivalent of (OH)-, depending on the ion species the molecule donates to the reaction.
The smallest atom in the periodic table in terms of mass is hydrogen, which has only one proton and one electron. Hydrogen has no neutrons. The element has an atomic number of 1 and atomic weight of 1.00794, making it the smallest of all the elements.
Full Answer >Chemists calculate the normality of a solution by dividing the gram equivalent weight of the solute by the volume of the solution in liters, explains About.com. They calculate the equivalent weight by dividing the molecular weight by the number of positive or negative charges the substance provides through dissolution.
Full Answer >Molarity is the number of moles of solute per liter of solution, while normality is the measure of concentration qual to the gram equivalent weight per liter of solution. Normality and molarity are both measures of concentration in chemical solutions.
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