There are many arithmetic practice problems to choose from that cover all different levels of math skills. For early learners in pre-kindergarten, addition problems such as 1 + 2 , 1 + 3 and 1 + 4 are great for teaching beginning math skills. Young children can benefit from addition or subtraction problems with higher numbers, but it's good to challenge them a little more by adding simple multiplication problems.
Lower elementary school-aged children can be taught math and reasoning skills by using simple arithmetic word problems. An example of a practice arithmetic word problem is a question such as "If Sally had 10 apples and she gave two of them to Bob and six of them to Ted, how many apples did she have left?" Another type of arithmetic practice problem for this age group is putting numbers on a grid in a certain pattern, with a few spaces left open. The child will then need to figure out what the missing numbers are and put the correct numbers in the blank spaces.
Children in higher grades will work on more difficult math concepts involving decimals, fractions, algebra and geometry. Practice problems for this age group include factoring whole numbers, addition, subtraction, multiplication and division of decimals and finding percentages of certain numbers.