According to the Congressional Coalition of Adoption Institute, adoption is a vital alternative to placing children in the care of a state institution. They offer a number of statistics concerning adoption and why it is very important for the children being adopted.
The Coalition points out that as of 2014, 397,122 children are without permanent families in the foster care system. They write that 101,666 of these children are eligible for adoption, but almost 32 percent of them will wait in the foster care system at least three years before they can be adopted. The Coalition reports that of the 23,396 young people that aged out of the foster care system in 2012, 40 percent of them have been without a home, 60 percent of them have been convicted of a crime, 50 percent of them have had issues with substance abuse and only 48 percent were employed at the time of the survey. In 2012, the Coalition points out that American families adopted over 7,000 children, but this number might be higher if states spent more than 1.3 percent of available federal funds on adoption training services and parent recruitment. According to the Coalition, adopted children are only two percent of the general population of the country but make up 11 percent of the adolescents that have been recommended for therapy.