Q:

What is 40 percent off of \$35?

A:

A \$35 item that is marked 40 percent off has a final cost of \$21. The markdown is calculated on its own before it is subtracted from the original price to determine the final total.

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A percent is equivalent to 0.01. Therefore, 40 percent is equivalent to 0.40. To calculate a certain percent of another number, the percent in decimal form is multiplied by that number. In this case, 0.40 is multiplied by \$35. The result is \$14, which is the markdown amount. The final cost is computed by subtracting the \$14 markdown from the original \$35 price. This gives the new total after the markdown is applied, which is, in this case, \$21.

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