The number 10 raised to the sixth power is 1,000,000 (one million). When the number 10 is raised to any power, the result will be a number with a one in front of a number of zeros that is equal to the exponent. For example, in this case the answer has six zeros, the same as the power 10 was raised to.
Exponents are a way to quickly generate large numbers. Acceleration and compound interest are both examples of how even numbers that start small can quickly grow large if they are continually raised to the second power or higher. A number raised to a power means that the number is multiplied by itself however many times the power indicates.