Xeriscape plants are drought-tolerant plants useful in landscaping because they need little water or maintenance. Some of these plants include yarrow, butterfly weed, bellflower, trumpet vine, red hot poker, Russian sage, spiderwort, feather reed grass, fescue, fountain grass, maiden grass, shadbush, chokeberry, butterfly bush, St. Johnswort and Scotch broom. The word "xeriscape" means "dry view."
Zone the area before beginning a xeriscaping project. Zoning entails grouping plants according to how much water they require. This makes it easier to give plants the correct amounts of water without wasting resources. When zoning, also keep in mind each plant's sunlight requirements to ensure correct plant placement.
After the zoning, the drought-tolerant plants can be added. This includes putting down drought-tolerant turf as well. Local nurseries have or know the best local grasses to use in xeriscaping. For instance, centipede grass is a good choice in the Southeast. Before any of the xeriscape plants are exposed to drought-like conditions, they need to be well-established to keep them from dying.
After planting, add a thick layer of mulch underneath the plants. This is critical because mulch not only keeps the soil moist, it also reduces evaporation so the plants retain the necessary water to survive.