Designing a vegetable garden involves choosing a location, selecting vegetable types, calculating the size and planning the layout. Drawing a diagram helps visualize the garden layout and ensures the vegetables have enough space.
The types of vegetables planted in the garden affects the layout and the amount of space needed. Vining vegetables, such as cucumbers and squash, need plenty of ground space or a trellis to grow upward. Corn also takes a lot of space because of the size of plants. Tall plants should go in a location where they won't block the sunlight from reaching other vegetables.
The layout of the plants is another factor. Traditional row planting requires at least 18 inches between rows of vegetables. This style keeps the vegetables organized and works on a garden plot of any size. Intensive cropping is a method for plants grouped together with little space in bands between 1 and 4 feet wide. A band wider than 4 feet makes it difficult to reach the middle.
With an idea of the types of number of vegetable plants going in the garden, measuring out the space is key to the design. The location in the yard also affects the size and layout. The garden needs plenty of sun, protection from strong winds, and proper drainage. The garden also needs to fit in the area with space around the edges.