How Does a Washing Machine Work?


Quick Answer

Washing machines use several pieces of heavy internal components, including an electric motor, in conjunction with one another to spin and shake a hollow drum. Water flows freely through the drum in a rinse and drain process. This process works with chemical detergents to stir clothes so that the cleansers are able to penetrate and clean the apparel.

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Full Answer

Washing machines seem like large, intimidating devices, but they are quite simple appliances that often last a long time and require very little maintenance.

Washing machines come in a wide variety of colors and sizes and are divided into two distinct groups: front-loading washers and top-loading washers. Top-loading washing machines are the most popular design.

Both types of washing machines are engineered with the same mechanical concepts in mind, but there are slight differences between them. For example, front-loading washing machines have a drum that is set horizontally within the machine, which means that less water is needed to fill the drum in order to soak all of the clothes. Top-loading washers have a benefit over their counterparts because the vertical placement of the drum allows for better drainage of water and detergents, which results in far fewer incidences of mold and mildew odors.

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