Some different varieties of maple trees are the Amur maple, big leaf maple, hornbeam maple and Japanese maple. There is also the hedge maple, which reaches 25 to 35 feet tall and wide with yellow coloring in the fall.
One of the smallest maple trees is the Amur maple, which grows to about 15 to 20 feet tall and wide. This tree prefers full sun to partial shade and comes from Siberia, Japan, Mongolia and Korea. It needs water to get established, but then is drought resistant. The big leaf maple, on the other hand, is one of the largest maple trees. It can reach up to 100 feet tall and wide. It has yellow and orange leaves in the fall and is native to Southern California, Alaska and Idaho.