Some of the different types of dwarf spruce trees include the bird nest’s spruce, dwarf Alberta spruce, Norway spruce and arborvitae. These shorter spruce trees are ideal for small spaces.
The bird’s nest spruce is approximately 2 to 4 feet tall when fully grown. It is native to Europe and is appropriate for USDA zones three through eight. This is a variety of the Norway spruce that has a round shrub and a top that looks similar to a bird’s nest. The trees are so small that they work in any size yard or garden, including in container gardens. The dwarf Alberta spruce tree can get a little taller, reaching up to 12 feet tall. It is native to Canada and the United States, grows well in zones two through eight and features a spiral shrub topiary when it is grown.
One of the more popular types of dwarf spruce trees is the Norway spruce, which has dark green foliage and a pyramid shape. It grows quickly, which is why many people choose this type of tree. The Norway spruce works well with a wide range of soils, can handle wind and needs as much sun as possible. Another spruce tree that works well in most geographic locations is the arborvitae. It looks like a classic conifer tree with clusters of cones and a pyramid shape. It attracts wildlife, including deer.