Some types of grassland plants include purple coneflower, big blue stem, blazing star and buffalo grass. Grassland plants survive in areas with about 30 inches of rain yearly, and many have their stems and leaves made up of chloroplasts.
Purple coneflower is native to North America and once used by Native Americans for treating wounds, such as insect and snake bites. Use of this plant stimulates the growth of white blood cells. The purple coneflower plant was also an ingredient in the preparation of medicine and teas, as well as for decorations.
The big blue stem is the tallest of grassland grasses and capable of reaching up to 6 feet in height. The grass typically grows in April, flowering in the late summer. Older big blue stems turn red and are used as hay.
Blazing star is also known as liatris and has yellow petals, blooming in August to September. The grass survives in dry environments with moist land and plenty of sun. Blazing stars are popular in fresh-cut floral arrangements for their unusual top to bottom blooming characteristic.
Buffalo grass thrives in the North American prairies growing to a height of 2 to 5 inches, with spreads reaching about 6 and 12 feet. The grass survives drought conditions by becoming dormant and changing color to brown. In winter, buffalo grass is tan, while it turns lavender in autumn.