A Dutch oven can be used to make artisan bread at home. It is a ceramic or metal pot with a tight fitting lid. When used along with a conventional home oven, it is possible to obtain the appropriate heat retention and moisture conditions found when using commercial bread ovens.
The tight enclosure of a Dutch oven provides an increased amount of heat, while allowing the bread to supply the moisture required to produce a rustic, crackling crust. Commercial bread ovens are designed to retain heat in an advanced capacity compared to home ovens. They also have built-in humidifier systems.