What Are the Trees of Pennsylvania?


Quick Answer

The official state tree of Pennsylvania is the eastern hemlock, one of many conifers or evergreen trees that adorn the state’s landscape and forests. Pennsylvania is home to many varieties of ash trees, maples, hickories, birches, elms and ornamental trees in its 17 million acres of forested land.

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What Are the Trees of Pennsylvania?
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Full Answer

The state claims 11 kinds of pines or evergreens, eight types of oak trees, five types of maples, linden, chestnut, beech, gum, walnut, willow, hackberry, cherry, honey locust, sassafras, aspen, mulberry, sycamore, serviceberry, redbud, cucumber magnolia trees and others.

Pennsylvania was aptly named “Penn’s woods” for its founder William Penn. “Silvania” in Latin means woods or forested land. Nearly 60 percent of Pennsylvania’s 28 million acres is forest. Wherever they grow, whether in a wooded home site, a backyard or along a community’s streets, Pennsylvania’s trees bring shade, color, beauty, wildlife habitat, a cleaner environment and increased property values.

A.J. Downing, the father of landscape gardening in America, proclaimed the eastern hemlock the most picturesque and beautiful evergreen in the world. Also called Canada hemlock or hemlock spruce, the eastern hemlock was named the state tree in 1931. The area’s first settlers built sturdy log cabins with the wood and extracted acid from it for tanning leather.

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