Some tips for landscaping using evergreens include considering an evergreen's mature size before planting and choosing plants that are suitable for the climatic conditions of the region. It is helpful to consider the purpose of each evergreen, the rate at which it grows and its growing habit as well. Landscapers should also be mindful of the color and texture that each planting contributes to the landscape.
Avoid planting pine, spruce and fir trees in small spaces because these species can exceed 60 feet in height at maturity. Large trees also create substantial amounts of year-round shade, so it is best to place them in areas where they do not block needed sunlight. Plant medium to tall evergreens close together to make privacy screens, noise buffers and windbreaks.
Evergreens like juniper and Arborvitae work well for 8- to 15-foot-high hedges, whereas yews or holly shrubs create lower hedges. Use slow-growing, small evergreens for foundation plantings or to border the outside walls of a home, like azaleas or spreading yews. Combine evergreen vines with deciduous climbers to cover fences, walls and arbors, and plant evergreen ground covers to control soil erosion on slopes or fill areas that are hard to maintain. Ivy, winter creeper and pachysandra grow well in shady lawn areas.
The growing habit, or shape, of an evergreen should match its purpose. For example, crowed, upright forms can serve as hedges, or they can block windows. A columnar form calls attention to particular view, and spreading forms serve to create smooth transitions across a landscape.