Some tips for growing backyard sugar cane include planting cut stalks about two months before the first frost and choosing a sunny location with well-draining and loose soil. Also avoid excessive watering and harvesting less than one month before the first frost in the next year.
Sugar cane grows best between 70 and 95 degrees Fahrenheit, so planting in early fall gives the stalk ample time to establish itself underground before freezing temperatures make it dormant. Location is crucial, as varieties can reach over 10 feet tall, and any shade reduces growth. Most sites, depending on soil conditions, need an application of fertilizer. Sugar cane is fairly resistant to pests and diseases, and planting stalks close together can reduce weeds.